The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity

Euro+Med Plantbase integrates and critically evaluates information from Flora Europaea, Med-Checklist, the Flora of Macaronesia, and from regional and national floras and checklists from the area as well as additional taxonomic and floristic literature. This is complemented by the European taxa of several families taken from the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families and of the Leguminosae from the International Legume Database and Information Service ILDIS (see Credits for details).
By April 2014 it provides access to 187 plant families, corresponding to ca. 92 % of the European flora of vascular plants.
 








Details for: Centaurea

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license (CC-By-SA-3.0 Unported).

Name: Centaurea L.
Nomencl. ref.: Sp. Pl.: 909. 1753
Nomencl. status: nom. cons.
Rank: Genus
Status: ACCEPTED
Taxonomy (this taxon is included in): Regnum - Plantae
     Divisio - Tracheophyta
          Subdivisio - Spermatophytina
               Class - Magnoliopsida
                    Superordo - Asteranae
                         Ordo - Asterales
                              Familia - Compositae Giseke
                                   Tribus - Cardueae Cass.
                                       
Geo-Search:
Heterotypic synonyms: Acosta Adans.
Aegialophila Boiss. & Heldr.
Calcitrapa Vaill.
Calcitrapoides Vaill.
Chartolepis Cass.
Cheirolepis Boiss.
Cnicus L., nom. cons.
Colymbada Hill
Crocodilium Vaill.
Grossheimia Sosn. & Takht.
Hyalea (DC.) Jaub. & Spach
Jacea Mill.
Melanoloma Cass.
Phaeopappus (DC.) Boiss.
Plectocephalus D. Don
Stephanochilus Maire
Tomanthea DC.
Wagenitzia Dostál
Amberboa sect. Phaeopappus DC.
Centaurea sect. Hyalaea DC.
Included taxa: Centaurea acarnanica (Matthäs) Greuter
Centaurea acaulis L.
Centaurea achaia Boiss. & Heldr.
Centaurea acicularis Sm.
Centaurea aegialophila Wagenitz
Centaurea aegyptiaca L.
Centaurea aeolica Lojac.
Centaurea aetaliae (Sommier) Bég.
Centaurea aetolica Phitos & T. Georgiadis
Centaurea affinis Friv.
Centaurea aggregata DC.
Centaurea ahverdovii Gabrieljan
Centaurea ainetensis Boiss.
Centaurea akamantis T. Georgiadis & Hadjik.
Centaurea aksoyi Hamzaoğlu & Budak
Centaurea aladaghensis Wagenitz
Centaurea alba L.
Centaurea albanica Halácsy
Centaurea albertii Rexhepi
Centaurea albonitens Turrill
Centaurea alexandrina Delile
Centaurea amaena Boiss. & Balansa
Centaurea amanicola Hub.-Mor.
Centaurea ambigua Guss.
Centaurea amblensis Graells
Centaurea americana Nutt.
Centaurea ammocyanus Boiss.
Centaurea antalyensis H. Duman & A. Duran
Centaurea antennata Dufour
Centaurea anthemifolia Hub.-Mor.
Centaurea antiochia Boiss.
Centaurea antitauri Hayek
Centaurea aphrodisea Boiss.
Centaurea aplolepa Moretti
Centaurea argentea L.
Centaurea arifolia Boiss.
Centaurea aristata Hoffmanns. & Link
Centaurea armena Boiss.
Centaurea arrigonii Greuter
Centaurea ascalonica Bornm.
Centaurea aspera L.
Centaurea athoa DC.
Centaurea atlantica Pomel
Centaurea atlantis Maire & Weiller
Centaurea atropurpurea Olivier
Centaurea attica Nyman
Centaurea aucheri (DC.) Wagenitz
Centaurea auricularis Pau
Centaurea austroanatolica Hub.-Mor.
Centaurea austromaroccana (Förther & Podlech) Gómiz
Centaurea avilae Pau
Centaurea babylonica (L.) L.
Centaurea baseri Köse & Alan
Centaurea behen L.
Centaurea benedicta (L.) L.
Centaurea bethurica E. López & Devesa
Centaurea bimorpha Viv.
Centaurea blancheana Mouterde
Centaurea boissieri DC.
Centaurea bombycina DC.
Centaurea borjae Valdés Berm. & Rivas Goday
Centaurea bovina Velen.
Centaurea bruguiereana (DC.) Hand.-Mazz.
Centaurea brunnea (Halácsy) Halácsy
Centaurea busambarensis Guss.
Centaurea cadmea Boiss.
Centaurea calabra G. Caruso & al.
Centaurea calcitrapa L.
Centaurea caliacrae Prodan
Centaurea calocephala Willd.
Centaurea calolepis Boiss.
Centaurea cankiriensis H. Duman & A. Duran
Centaurea carduiformis DC.
Centaurea cariensiformis Hub.-Mor.
Centaurea cariensis Boiss.
Centaurea caroli-henrici Gabrieljan & Dittrich
Centaurea carolipauana Fern. Casas & Susanna
Centaurea carratracensis Lange
Centaurea carystea Trigas & Constantin.
Centaurea caspia Grossh.
Centaurea cassia Boiss.
Centaurea castellanoides Talavera
Centaurea cataonica Boiss. & Hausskn.
Centaurea cavanillesiana Graells
Centaurea centauroides L.
Centaurea ceratophylla Ten.
Centaurea chalcidicaea Hayek
Centaurea chaldaeorum Nábělek
Centaurea charrelii Halácsy & Dörfl.
Centaurea chartolepis Greuter
Centaurea cheirolepidoides Wagenitz
Centaurea cheirolopha (Fenzl) Wagenitz
Centaurea chrysantha Wagenitz
Centaurea chrysocephala Phitos & T. Georgiadis
Centaurea chrysolepis Vis.
Centaurea cineraria L.
Centaurea cithaeronea Phitos & Constant.
Centaurea citricolor Font Quer
Centaurea clementei DC.
Centaurea collina L.
Centaurea conocephala Bolle
Centaurea consanguinea DC.
Centaurea corcubionensis M. Laínz
Centaurea cordubensis Font Quer
Centaurea corensis Vals. & Filigh.
Centaurea corinthiaca Boiss. & Heldr.
Centaurea corymbosa Pourr.
Centaurea coutinhoi Franco
Centaurea crithmifolia Vis.
Centaurea crocata Franco
Centaurea crocodylium L.
Centaurea cuneifolia Sm.
Centaurea cyprensis (Holub) T. Georgiadis
Centaurea cyrenaica Bég. & A. Vacc.
Centaurea damascena Boiss.
Centaurea daralagoezica (Fomin) Greuter
Centaurea davisii Wagenitz
Centaurea debdouensis Breitw. & Podlech
Centaurea decipiens Thuill.
Centaurea deflexa Wagenitz
Centaurea delbesiana Arènes
Centaurea delicatula Breitw. & Podlech
Centaurea delucae C. Guarino & Rampone
Centaurea demirizii Wagenitz
Centaurea demirkapiensis Micevski
Centaurea derderiifolia Wagenitz
Centaurea deusta Ten.
Centaurea deustiformis Adamović
Centaurea dichroa Boiss. & Heldr.
Centaurea dichroantha A. Kern.
Centaurea diffusa Lam.
Centaurea diluta Aiton
Centaurea diomedea Gasp.
Centaurea djebel-amouri Greuter
Centaurea doddsii Boiss.
Centaurea drabifolia Sm.
Centaurea drabifolioides Hub.-Mor.
Centaurea ducellieri Batt.
Centaurea dumulosa Boiss.
Centaurea dursunbeyensis Uysal & Köse
Centaurea ebenoides S. Moore
Centaurea elazigensis Kaya & Vural
Centaurea eliasii Sennen & Pau
Centaurea emigrantis Bubani
Centaurea ensiformis P. H. Davis
Centaurea epapposa Velen.
Centaurea eriophora L.
Centaurea ertugruliana Uysal
Centaurea erycina Raimondo & Bancheva
Centaurea eryngioides Lam.
Centaurea euboica Rech. f.
Centaurea euxina Velen.
Centaurea exarata Coss.
Centaurea fenzlii Reichardt
Centaurea ferox Desf.
Centaurea filiformis Viv.
Centaurea finazzeri Adamović
Centaurea foliosa Boiss. & Kotschy
Centaurea formanekii Halácsy
Centaurea foucauldiana Maire
Centaurea fragilis Durieu
Centaurea friderici Vis.
Centaurea furfuracea Coss. & Durieu
Centaurea gabrieljanae Greuter
Centaurea gadorensis Blanca
Centaurea galicicae Micevski
Centaurea gattefossei Maire
Centaurea genesii-lopezii Fern. Casas & Susanna
Centaurea giardinae Raimondo & Spadaro
Centaurea gigantea Boiss.
Centaurea glaberrima Tausch
Centaurea glabroauriculata Uysal & Demirelma
Centaurea glastifolia L.
Centaurea glomerata Vahl
Centaurea gracilenta Velen.
Centaurea graeca Griseb.
Centaurea granatensis DC.
Centaurea grbavacensis (Rohlena) Stoj. & Acht.
Centaurea greuteri E. Gamal-Eldin & Wagenitz
Centaurea grisebachii (Nyman) Heldr.
Centaurea gussonei Raimondo & Spadaro
Centaurea gymnocarpa Moris & De Not.
Centaurea haenseleri (Boiss.) Boiss. & Reuter
Centaurea hakkariensis Wagenitz
Centaurea halophila Hub.-Mor.
Centaurea handelii Wagenitz
Centaurea hanrii Jord.
Centaurea haradijanii Wagenitz
Centaurea haussknechtii Boiss.
Centaurea haynaldiiformis Prodan
Centaurea heldreichii Halácsy
Centaurea helenioides Boiss.
Centaurea hermannii F. Herm.
Centaurea herminii Rouy
Centaurea heterocarpa Boiss. & Gaill.
Centaurea hierapolitana Boiss.
Centaurea hololeuca Boiss.
Centaurea homoeoscevos Pau
Centaurea horrida Badarò
Centaurea huljakii J. Wagner
Centaurea hyalolepis Boiss.
Centaurea hyrcanica Bornm.
Centaurea hyssopifolia Vahl
Centaurea iberica Spreng.
Centaurea idaea Boiss. & Heldr.
Centaurea immanuelis-loewii Degen
Centaurea incompleta Halácsy
Centaurea inermis Velen.
Centaurea inexpectata Wagenitz
Centaurea infestans Coss. & Durieu
Centaurea integrans (Fiori) Prain
Centaurea involucrata Desf.
Centaurea ipecensis Rech. f.
Centaurea isaurica Hub.-Mor.
Centaurea jacea L.
Centaurea jaennensis Degen & Debeaux
Centaurea janeri Graells
Centaurea jankae D. Brândză
Centaurea johnseniana Strid & Kit Tan
Centaurea jordaniana Godr. & Gren.
Centaurea josiae Humbert
Centaurea joviniana Sennen & Pau
Centaurea jurineifolia Boiss.
Centaurea kalambakensis Freyn & Sint.
Centaurea kanitziana D. Brândză
Centaurea kartschiana Scop.
Centaurea kavadarensis Micevski
Centaurea kaynakiae Daşkin & Yılmaz
Centaurea kerneriana Janka
Centaurea kilaea Boiss.
Centaurea kizildaghensis Uzunh. & al.
Centaurea kochiana (Holub) Greuter
Centaurea kosaninii Hayek
Centaurea kotschyana Heuff.
Centaurea kotschyi (Boiss. & Heldr.) Hayek
Centaurea kozjakensis Micevski
Centaurea kunkelii N. García
Centaurea kurdica Reichardt
Centaurea lacerata (Hausskn.) Halácsy
Centaurea laconica Boiss.
Centaurea lactiflora Halácsy
Centaurea lactucifolia Boiss.
Centaurea lagascana Graells
Centaurea lainzii Fern. Casas
Centaurea lancifolia Spreng.
Centaurea langei Nyman
Centaurea lanulata Eig
Centaurea laureotica Halácsy
Centaurea leonidia Kalpoutz. & Constantin.
Centaurea leptophylla (K. Koch) Tchich.
Centaurea leucadea Lacaita
Centaurea leucomalla Bornm.
Centaurea leucomelaena Hayek
Centaurea leucophaea Jord.
Centaurea limbata Hoffmanns. & Link
Centaurea linifolia L.
Centaurea litardierei Jahand. & Maire
Centaurea litochorea T. Georgiadis & Phitos
Centaurea longifimbriata Wagenitz
Centaurea longispina (Post) Wagenitz
Centaurea luschaniana Heimerl
Centaurea lycaonica Boiss. & Heldr.
Centaurea lycia Boiss.
Centaurea lycopifolia Boiss. & Kotschy
Centaurea lydia Boiss.
Centaurea macedonica Boiss.
Centaurea macrocephala Willd.
Centaurea macroptilon Borbás
Centaurea magistrorum Arrigoni & Camarda
Centaurea maireana Emb.
Centaurea malinvaldiana Batt.
Centaurea mannagettae Podp.
Centaurea marashica Uzunh. & al.
Centaurea mariana Nyman
Centaurea marmorea Bornm. & Soška
Centaurea melanocephala Pančić
Centaurea melanosticta (Lange) Franco
Centaurea melitensis L.
Centaurea mesopotamica Bornm.
Centaurea messenicolasiana T. Georgiadis & al.
Centaurea micevskii Greuter
Centaurea micracantha Dufour
Centaurea micrantha Hoffmanns. & Link
Centaurea microcarpa Batt.
Centaurea microcnicus Reese & Sam.
Centaurea molesworthiae E. López & al.
Centaurea monticola DC.
Centaurea montis-borlae Soldano
Centaurea mouterdei Wagenitz
Centaurea murbeckii Hayek
Centaurea musakii T. Georgiadis
Centaurea musarum Boiss. & Orph.
Centaurea musimonum Maire
Centaurea nana Desf.
Centaurea napifolia L.
Centaurea neiceffii Degen & J. Wagner
Centaurea nemecii Nábělek
Centaurea nicolae Bald.
Centaurea niederi Heldr.
Centaurea nigra L.
Centaurea nigrescens Willd.
Centaurea nivea (Bornm.) Wagenitz
Centaurea nydeggeri Hub.-Mor.
Centaurea obtusifolia (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Wagenitz
Centaurea obtusiloba Batt.
Centaurea occasus Fern. Casas
Centaurea ochrocephala Wagenitz
Centaurea odyssei Wagenitz
Centaurea ognjanoffii Urum.
Centaurea oltensis Sosn.
Centaurea omphalodes (Benth. & Hook. f.) Coss.
Centaurea onopordifolia Boiss.
Centaurea oranensis Greuter & M. V. Agab.
Centaurea orientalis L.
Centaurea oriolii-bolosii Fern. Casas
Centaurea ornata Willd.
Centaurea orphanidea Boiss.
Centaurea oscensis (E. López & Devesa) Raab-Straube & Greuter
Centaurea ossaea Halácsy
Centaurea pallescens Delile
Centaurea pamphylica Boiss. & Heldr.
Centaurea pangaea Greuter & Papan.
Centaurea paniculata L.
Centaurea panormitana Lojac.
Centaurea paphlagonica (Bornm.) Wagenitz
Centaurea papposa (Coss.) Greuter
Centaurea parilica Stoj. & Stef.
Centaurea parlatoris Heldr.
Centaurea parviflora Desf.
Centaurea patula DC.
Centaurea paui Willk.
Centaurea pauneroi Talavera & J. M. Muñoz
Centaurea pawlowskii Phitos & Damboldt
Centaurea paxorum Phitos & T. Georgiadis
Centaurea pectinata L.
Centaurea pelia DC.
Centaurea perrottetii DC.
Centaurea persica Boiss.
Centaurea pestalotii Ces.
Centaurea pestalozzae Boiss.
Centaurea peucedanifolia Boiss. & Orph.
Centaurea phaeolepis Coss.
Centaurea phrygia L.
Centaurea pinae Pau
Centaurea pinetorum Hub.-Mor.
Centaurea pinnata Vicioso
Centaurea poculatoris Greuter
Centaurea podospermifolia Loscos & J. Pardo
Centaurea polyclada DC.
Centaurea polymorpha Lag.
Centaurea polyphylla Nordm.
Centaurea polypodiifolia Boiss.
Centaurea pomeliana Batt.
Centaurea pontica Prodan & Nyár.
Centaurea postii Boiss.
Centaurea prespana Rech. f.
Centaurea princeps Boiss. & Heldr.
Centaurea procurrens Spreng.
Centaurea prolongoi DC.
Centaurea pseudocadmea Wagenitz
Centaurea pseudokotschyi Wagenitz
Centaurea pseudoreflexa Hayek
Centaurea pseudoscabiosa Boiss. & Buhse
Centaurea psilacantha Boiss. & Heldr.
Centaurea ptarmicoides Halácsy
Centaurea pterocaula Trautv.
Centaurea ptosimopappa Hayek
Centaurea ptosimopappoides Wagenitz
Centaurea pubescens Willd.
Centaurea pulchella Ledeb.
Centaurea pullata L.
Centaurea pulvinata (Blanca) Blanca
Centaurea pumilio L.
Centaurea pungens Pomel
Centaurea ragusina L.
Centaurea raphanina Sm.
Centaurea rechingeri Phitos
Centaurea redempta Heldr.
Centaurea reducta Wagenitz
Centaurea reflexa Lam.
Centaurea regia Boiss.
Centaurea reichenbachii DC.
Centaurea resupinata Coss.
Centaurea rhizantha C. A. Mey.
Centaurea rhizanthoides Tzvelev
Centaurea rhizocalathium (K. Koch) Tchich.
Centaurea rigida Banks & Sol.
Centaurea rothmaleriana (Arènes) Dostál
Centaurea rouyi Coincy
Centaurea rufidula Bornm.
Centaurea rumelica Boiss.
Centaurea rupestris L.
Centaurea rutifolia Sm.
Centaurea saccensis Raimondo & al.
Centaurea sagredoi Blanca
Centaurea sakarensis Bancheva & Raimondo
Centaurea saligna (K. Koch) Wagenitz
Centaurea salonitana Vis.
Centaurea saxifraga Coincy
Centaurea scabiosa L.
Centaurea scannensis Anzal. & al.
Centaurea schousboei Lange
Centaurea sclerolepis Boiss.
Centaurea scoparia Spreng.
Centaurea scopulorum Boiss. & Heldr.
Centaurea scripczinskyi Mikheev
Centaurea segariensis Figuerola & al.
Centaurea senegalensis DC.
Centaurea sericea Wagenitz
Centaurea seridis L.
Centaurea sicana Raimondo & Spadaro
Centaurea sicula L.
Centaurea sieheana Wagenitz
Centaurea simulans Wagenitz
Centaurea sinaica DC.
Centaurea sipylea Wagenitz
Centaurea sivasica Wagenitz
Centaurea skopjensis Micevski
Centaurea solstitialis L.
Centaurea soskae Košanin
Centaurea speciosa Boiss.
Centaurea spectabilis (Fisch. & C. A. Mey.) Sch. Bip.
Centaurea sphaerocephala L.
Centaurea spicata Boiss.
Centaurea spinosa L.
Centaurea spruneri Boiss. & Heldr.
Centaurea stapfiana (Hand.-Mazz.) Wagenitz
Centaurea stereophylla Besser
Centaurea stevenii M. Bieb.
Centaurea stoebe L.
Centaurea stuessyi Arnelas & al.
Centaurea subciliaris Boiss. & Heldr.
Centaurea subsericans Halácsy
Centaurea subtilis Bertol.
Centaurea sulphurea Willd.
Centaurea susannae Invernón & Devesa
Centaurea szovitsiana Boiss.
Centaurea takhtajanii Gabrieljan & Tonjan
Centaurea takredensis Maire
Centaurea tardiflora Wagenitz
Centaurea tauromenitana Guss.
Centaurea tenoreana Willk.
Centaurea tenorei Lacaita
Centaurea thasia Hayek
Centaurea theryi Emb. & Maire
Centaurea thessala Hausskn.
Centaurea thracica (Janka) Gugler
Centaurea toletana Boiss. & Reut.
Centaurea tomentella Hand.-Mazz.
Centaurea tomorosii Micevski
Centaurea tossiensis Freyn & Sint.
Centaurea tougourensis Boiss. & Reut.
Centaurea trachonitica Post
Centaurea transcaucasica Grossh.
Centaurea treskana Micevski
Centaurea triamularia Aldén
Centaurea trichocephala Willd.
Centaurea triniifolia Heuff.
Centaurea tripontina López-Alvarado & al.
Centaurea tuntasia Halácsy
Centaurea tuzgoluensis Aytaç & H. Duman
Centaurea tymphaea Hausskn.
Centaurea ulrichiorum Wagenitz & al.
Centaurea ultreiae Silva Pando
Centaurea urgellensis Sennen
Centaurea urvillei DC.
Centaurea valesiaca (DC.) Jord.
Centaurea vandasii Velen.
Centaurea vanensis Wagenitz
Centaurea varnensis Velen.
Centaurea vavilovii Takht. & Gabrieljan
Centaurea veneris (Sommier) Bég.
Centaurea vermia Rech. f.
Centaurea vermiculigera Hub.-Mor.
Centaurea verutum L.
Centaurea virgata Lam.
Centaurea vlachorum Hartvig
Centaurea wagenitzii Hub.-Mor.
Centaurea werneri Wagenitz & al.
Centaurea wettsteinii Degen & Dörfl.
Centaurea wiedemanniana Fisch. & C. A. Mey.
Centaurea xerolepida Pau
Centaurea xylobasis Rech. f.
Centaurea yaltirikii Aksoy & al.
Centaurea yozgatensis Wagenitz
Centaurea zeybekii Wagenitz
Centaurea zuccariniana DC.
Centaurea arenaria aggr.
Centaurea cuspidata aggr.
Centaurea margaritacea aggr.
Centaurea ovina aggr.
Centaurea spinosociliata aggr.
Centaurea sterilis aggr.
Centaurea uniflora aggr.
 
Common names: Bajorė (Lithuanian), Benediktenkraut (German), Benedikter (Swedish), Cardo (Italian), Centaurée (French), Centaurie (Dutch), Chaber (Polish), Dzelzene (Latvian), Fiordaliso (Italian), Flockenblume (German), Jumikas (Estonian), Klintar (Swedish), Knik (Albanian), Kokoçel (Albanian), Албестрицэ (Moldovian), Василек (Russian), Волошка (Ukraine), Гиалея (Russian), Гроссгеймия (Russian), Гроссһејmuja (Azerbaijan), Кардобенедикт (Russian), Кникус (Russian), Метличина (Bulgarian), Пресечка (Bulgarian), Стизолофус (Russian), Томантея (Russian), Хартолепiс (Ukraine), Хартолепис (Azerbaijan), Хартолепис (Moldovian), Хартолепис (Russian), Хейролепис (Russian), Хејролепис (Azerbaijan), Хрестовий корінь (Ukraine), Գրոսհեյմիա (Armenian), Լայնատերևուկ (Armenian), Խարտոլեպիս (Armenian), Հիալեյա (Armenian), Ձեռաթեփուկ (Armenian), Ստիզոլոֆուս (Armenian), Տերեփուկ (Armenian), Տոմանթեա (Armenian), דרדר (Israel (Hebrew)), דַּרְדַּר (Israel (Hebrew)), קרצף (Israel (Hebrew)), باذَوَرْد (Arabic), قَنْطُرْيون (Arabic), Knapweed (English), Star-Thistle (English)[Credits]
Maps: distribution
Occurrence: Ab(A N) AE(G T) Ag Al Ar Au(A L) Be(B L) BH Bl(I M N) Br Bu By Ca(C T) dCa(F G H L P) Cg Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fe Ga(C F M) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A G S) Hu Ir It Jo La Le Li Lt Lu Ma dMd(D M P) Mk Mo No Po Rf(C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sa dSg Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Sr Su Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [nAz(F G J M P S) Fa aIs]


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