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The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity

Euro+Med Plantbase integrates and critically evaluates information from Flora Europaea, Med-Checklist, the Flora of Macaronesia, and from regional and national floras and checklists from the area as well as additional taxonomic and floristic literature. This is complemented by the European taxa of several families taken from the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families and of the Leguminosae from the International Legume Database and Information Service ILDIS (see credits for details). By 1st of February 2018 it provides access to the total European flora of vascular plants in 222 plant families.

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Details for: Cynara cardunculus

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license (CC-By-SA-3.0 Unported).

Name: Cynara cardunculus L.
Nomencl. ref.: Sp. Pl.: 827. 1753
Rank: Species
Taxonomy (this taxon is included in): Regnum - Plantae
     Divisio - Tracheophyta
          Subdivisio - Spermatophytina
               Class - Magnoliopsida
                    Superordo - Asteranae
                         Ordo - Asterales
                              Familia - Compositae Giseke
                                   Tribus - Cardueae Cass.
                                        Genus - Cynara L.
Heterotypic synonyms: Cynara corsica Viv.
Cynara horrida Aiton
Cynara sylvestris Lam.
Included taxa: Cynara cardunculus subsp. flavescens Wiklund
Cynara cardunculus subsp. zingaroensis (Raimondo & Domina) Raimondo & Domina
Cynara scolymus L.
Common names: Angjinare e egër (Albanian), Artićok divji (Croat), Artičoka (Croat), Carciofo (Italian), Carde (French), Cardon sauvage (French), Cardon (French), Cardonette (French), Cardoon (English), Cardu (Corsican), Chardon d’Espagne (French), Dragušica (Croat), Gemüse-Artischocke (German), Kardone (German), Qaqoċċ tax-Xewk (Maltese), Sjekavac (Croat), Spanische Artischocke (German), Испанија артишок (Azerbaijan), alcachofa (Spanish, Castillian), alcachofera (Spanish, Castillian), alcachofera silvestre (Spanish, Castillian), alcachofra de comer (Portuguese), alcachofra hortense (Portuguese), alcaciles (Spanish, Castillian), alcancil (Spanish, Castillian), alcarchofera (Spanish, Castillian), alcarcil (Spanish, Castillian), alcarxofera (Catalan), alcasil (Spanish, Castillian), alcasilera (Spanish, Castillian), alcaucil (Spanish, Castillian), alcaucil cultivado (Spanish, Castillian), alcaucil silvestre (Spanish, Castillian), arcasil (Spanish, Castillian), argacofa (Spanish, Castillian), arrafiz (Galician), baratz gardu (Euskera), baratz gardua (Euskera), bartz-gardua (Euskera), bigoti (Catalan), bombilla (Spanish, Castillian), callaleite (Galician), cancil (Spanish, Castillian), capota (Spanish, Castillian), carchofa (Spanish, Castillian), carcolé (Valencian), card (Catalan), card (Valencian), card bord (Valencian), card coler (Catalan), card coler (Majorcan), card coler (Valencian), card comú (Catalan), card d’herba (Majorcan), card d´herba (Catalan), card d´herba (Majorcan), card de formatjar (Catalan), card de formatjar (Majorcan), card del terreno (Valencian), card formatger (Catalan), card formatger (Majorcan), card formatjar (Majorcan), cardabera (Euskera), cardera (Valencian), cardet de cardera (Valencian), cardets carcoles (Valencian), cardigot (Catalan), cardillo (Spanish, Castillian), cardo (Galician), cardo (Portuguese), cardo (Spanish, Castillian), cardo alcachofero (Spanish, Castillian), cardo arrecife (Spanish, Castillian), cardo arrecife que se come (Spanish, Castillian), cardo blanco (Spanish, Castillian), cardo coalhador (Portuguese), cardo colorado (Spanish, Castillian), cardo comestible (Spanish, Castillian), cardo común (Spanish, Castillian), cardo de arrecife (Spanish, Castillian), cardo de coalho (Portuguese), cardo de comer (Portuguese), cardo de comer (Spanish, Castillian), cardo de güerto (Aragonese), cardo de huerta (Spanish, Castillian), cardo de hueso (Spanish, Castillian), cardo de la huerta (Spanish, Castillian), cardo hortense (Portuguese), cardo lechero (Spanish, Castillian), cardo manso (Portuguese), cardo presoeiro (Galician), cardo presoeiro (Portuguese), cardo-coalhador (Galician), cardo-coalhador (Portuguese), cardo-de-Espanha (Portuguese), cardo-do-coalho (Galician), cardo-do-coalho (Portuguese), cardo-hortense (Galician), cardo-hortense (Portuguese), cardolera (Catalan), cardo-manso (Galician), cardo-manso (Portuguese), cardos (Spanish, Castillian), cardos de comer (Aragonese), cardot (Catalan), carlo (Euskera), carrapicho (Galician), carrapito (Galician), carrapizo (Galician), cart comú (Catalan), cart d´herba (Majorcan), cart formatjer (Majorcan), cart ver d´ort (Majorcan), cart-coler (Majorcan), carxofa (Valencian), carxofa punxosa (Catalan), carxofer (Catalan), carxofera (Catalan), carxofera borda (Catalan), carxofera borda (Majorcan), carxofera borda (Valencian), carxofera d’espina (Catalan), carxofera d´espina (Valencian), coalhaleite (Galician), coalhaleite (Portuguese), coalha-leite (Portuguese), colera (Catalan), cuajo (Spanish, Castillian), escardassa (Catalan), escardasses (Catalan), escarxofera (Catalan), escarxofera borda (Catalan), escarxofera borda (Majorcan), formatger (Valencian), gallufa (Majorcan), garde (Euskera), herba carxofera (Catalan), herba col (Catalan), herba coler (Catalan), herba colera (Catalan), herba colera (Valencian), herba de card (Catalan), herba de formatjar (Catalan), herba de formatjar (Majorcan), herba de fotmajar (Catalan), herba presonera (Catalan), herba-col (Catalan), herba-col (Spanish, Castillian), hierba de cuajo (Spanish, Castillian), hierba de la cuajada (Spanish, Castillian), hojas de cardo (Spanish, Castillian), kardabera (Euskera), karlo (Euskera), karloa (Euskera), karlotx (Euskera), kazkarro (Euskera), khardo (Euskera), morilla (Spanish, Castillian), morra (Spanish, Castillian), morras (Spanish, Castillian), morrillera (Spanish, Castillian), pencas (Galician), pencas (Portuguese), penquera (Spanish, Castillian), presó (Catalan), presonera (Catalan), presor (Catalan), presora (Catalan)[Credits]
Maps: distribution
Occurrence: Ag Bl(M) dCa Ca(C F G L P T) Co Cr Ct dCy Ga(F) Gr Hs(S) It Li Lu Ma dMd(D M P) Sa Si(M S) Tn [cAb(A) nAE(G) Al cAu aBe cBH nBl(I M N) Br aCa(H) aCo Cr Ct cCy aGe cGr aHb(E) aHe cHo Hs(A) cIJ cIr cLe cLS cMo cRf(S) cRm Sa cSi cSk cTcs Tu nTu(A) cUk(K U)]

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