The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity

Euro+Med Plantbase integrates and critically evaluates information from Flora Europaea, Med-Checklist, the Flora of Macaronesia, and from regional and national floras and checklists from the area as well as additional taxonomic and floristic literature. This is complemented by the European taxa of several families taken from the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families and of the Leguminosae from the International Legume Database and Information Service ILDIS (see credits for details). By 1st of February 2018 it provides access to the total European flora of vascular plants in 222 plant families.
 








Details for: Silene

Source: Marhold, K. (2011): Caryophyllaceae. – In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license (CC-By-SA-3.0 Unported).

Name: Silene L.
Nomencl. ref.: Sp. Pl.: 416. 1753
Rank: Genus
Status: ACCEPTED
Taxonomy (this taxon is included in): Regnum - Plantae
     Divisio - Tracheophyta
          Subdivisio - Spermatophytina
               Class - Magnoliopsida
                    Superordo - Caryophyllanae
                         Ordo - Caryophyllales
                              Familia - Caryophyllaceae Juss.
                                  
Geo-Search:
Synonyms: Behen Moench
Coronaria Schaeff.
Cucubalus L.
Elisanthe Rchb.
Eudianthe (Rchb.) Rchb.
Gastrolychnis (Fenzl) Rchb. f.
Heliosperma Rchb.
Lychnis L.
Melandrium Röhl.
Oberna (Adans.) Belli
Otites (Adans.) Belli
Pleconax Raf.
Polyschemone Schott
Schischkiniella Steenis
Steris (Adans.) Belli
Viscago Zinn
Viscaria Röhl.
Wahlbergella Fr.
Included taxa: Heliosperma insularis Trinajstić
Silene abietum Font Quer & Maire
Silene acaulis (L.) Jacq.
Silene adelphiae Runemark
Silene aegaea Oxelman
Silene aegyptiaca (L.) L.
Silene aellenii Sennen
Silene akmaniana Ekim & Çelik
Silene alexandrina (Asch.) Danin
Silene alexeji Kolak.
Silene almolae J. Gay
Silene alpestris Jacq.
Silene altaica Pers.
Silene ammophila Boiss. & Heldr.
Silene ampullata Boiss.
Silene anatolica Melzh. & A. Baytop
Silene andryalifolia Pomel
Silene antirrhina L.
Silene antri-jovis Greuter & Burdet
Silene apetala Willd.
Silene arabica Boiss.
Silene araratica Schischk.
Silene arenarioides Desf.
Silene arenosa C. Koch
Silene argaea Fisch. & C. A. Mey.
Silene argentea Ledeb.
Silene argillosa Munby
Silene arguta Fenzl
Silene aristidis Pomel
Silene armena Boiss.
Silene armeria L.
Silene articulata Viv.
Silene astartes Boiss.
Silene asterias Griseb.
Silene astrachanica (Pacz.) Takht.
Silene atlantica Coss. & Durieu
Silene atropurpurea (Griseb.) Greuter & Burdet
Silene auriculata Sm.
Silene auriculifolia Pomel
Silene ayachica Humbert
Silene azirensis Coode & Cullen
Silene baccifera (L.) Roth
Silene balansae Boiss.
Silene barbara Humbert & Maire
Silene barbeyana Boiss.
Silene barrattei Murb.
Silene baschkirorum Janisch.
Silene behen L.
Silene bellidifolia Jacq.
Silene berthelotiana Webb
Silene biappendiculata Rohrb.
Silene birandiana Ekim
Silene bolanthoides Quézel
Silene borderei Jord.
Silene bornmuelleri Freyn
Silene boryi Boiss.
Silene borysthenica (Gruner) Walters
Silene boullui (Rouy & Foucaud) Kerguélen
Silene bourgeaui H. Christ
Silene brevicalyx Hartvig & Strid
Silene brevicaulis Boiss.
Silene brotheriana Sommier & Levier
Silene bupleuroides L.
Silene burchellii DC.
Silene caesarea Boiss. & Balansa
Silene caesia Sm.
Silene caliacrae Jordanov & Panov
Silene cambessedesii Boiss. & Reut.
Silene campanula Pers.
Silene canariensis Willd.
Silene capillipes Boiss. & Heldr.
Silene capitellata Boiss.
Silene caramanica Boiss. & Heldr.
Silene cariensis Boiss.
Silene cartilaginea Hub.-Mor.
Silene caryophylloides (Poir.) Otth
Silene catholica (L.) W. T. Aiton
Silene caucasica (Bunge) Boiss.
Silene cephalantha Boiss.
Silene cephallenia Heldr.
Silene chaetodonta Boiss.
Silene chalcedonica E. H. L. Krause
Silene chersonensis (Zapalł.) Kleopow
Silene chlorantha (Willd.) Ehrh.
Silene chlorifolia Sm.
Silene choulettii Coss.
Silene ciliata Pourr.
Silene cinerea Desf.
Silene cintrana Rothm.
Silene cirtensis Pomel
Silene claryi Batt.
Silene coelirosa (L.) Godr.
Silene colorata Poir.
Silene colpophylla Wrigley
Silene commelinifolia Boiss.
Silene compacta Fisch.
Silene confertiflora Chowdhuri
Silene congesta Sm.
Silene conglomeratica Melzh.
Silene conica L.
Silene coniflora Otth
Silene conoidea L.
Silene cordifolia All.
Silene corinthiaca Boiss. & Heldr.
Silene coronaria (L.) Clairv.
Silene corrugata Ball
Silene coutinhoi Rothm. & P. Silva
Silene crassipes Fenzl
Silene cretacea Spreng.
Silene cretica L.
Silene cryptoneura Stapf
Silene csereii Baumg.
Silene cuatrecasasii Pau & Font Quer
Silene cyrenaica Maire & Weiller
Silene cyri Schischk.
Silene cythnia (Halácsy) Walters
Silene daghestanica Rupr.
Silene damascena Boiss. & Gaill.
Silene damboldtiana Greuter & Melzh.
Silene delicatula Boiss.
Silene densiflora d'Urv.
Silene depressa M. Bieb.
Silene dianthoides Pers.
Silene dichotoma Ehrh.
Silene diclinis (Lag.) M. Laínz
Silene dinarica Spreng.
Silene dioica (L.) Clairv.
Silene dirphya Greuter & Burdet
Silene discolor Sm.
Silene dissecta Litard. & Maire
Silene disticha Willd.
Silene diversifolia Otth
Silene donetzica Kleopow
Silene dyris Maire
Silene echinata Otth
Silene echinosperma Boiss. & Heldr.
Silene echinospermoides Hub.-Mor.
Silene elisabethae Jan
Silene eremitica Boiss.
Silene erimicana Stapf
Silene ermenekensis Vural & Kit Tan
Silene euxina (Rupr.) Hand.-Mazz.
Silene exaltata Friv.
Silene fabaria (L.) Sm.
Silene fabarioides Hausskn.
Silene falcata Sibth. & Sm.
Silene fenzlii Boiss. & Balansa
Silene fernandezii Jeanm.
Silene filipetala Litard. & Maire
Silene flavescens Waldst. & Kit.
Silene flos-cuculi (L.) Clairv.
Silene flos-jovis (L.) Clairv.
Silene foetida Link
Silene fraudatrix Meikle
Silene frivaldszkyana Hampe
Silene fruticosa L.
Silene fuscata Brot.
Silene gaditana Talavera & Bocquet
Silene galatea Boiss.
Silene gallica L.
Silene gallinyi Rchb.
Silene gemmata Meikle
Silene germana J. Gay
Silene ghiarensis Batt.
Silene gigantea L.
Silene glaberrima Faure & Maire
Silene glabrescens Coss.
Silene goulimyi Turrill
Silene gracilis DC.
Silene graeca Boiss. & Spruner
Silene graminifolia Otth
Silene grisea Boiss.
Silene grisebachii (Davidov) Pirker & Greuter
Silene guinetii Quézel
Silene haradjianii Chowdhuri
Silene haussknechtii Hausskn.
Silene heldreichii Boiss.
Silene hellmannii Claus
Silene heterodonta F. N. Williams
Silene heuffelii Soó
Silene hicesiae Brullo & Signor.
Silene hifacensis Willk.
Silene holzmannii Boiss.
Silene humilis C. A. Mey.
Silene hussonii Boiss.
Silene iberica M. Bieb.
Silene ibosii Emb. & Maire
Silene idaea Hausskn.
Silene imbricata Desf.
Silene inaperta L.
Silene inclinata Hub.-Mor.
Silene insularis Barbey
Silene integripetala Bory & Chaub.
Silene intonsa Melzh. & Greuter
Silene intricata Post
Silene involucrata (Cham. & Schltdl.) Bocquet
Silene ionica Halácsy
Silene isaurica Contandr. & Quézel
Silene ismailitica (Schweinf.) Botsch.
Silene ispartensis Ghaz.
Silene italica (L.) Pers.
Silene jailensis N. I. Rubtzov
Silene kotschyi Boiss.
Silene kremeri Soy.-Will. & Godr.
Silene lacera (Steven) Sims
Silene laconica Boiss. & Orph.
Silene laeta (Aiton) Godr.
Silene laevigata Sm.
Silene lagrangei (Coss.) Greuter & Burdet
Silene lagunensis H. Christ
Silene lasiantha C. Koch
Silene latifolia Poir.
Silene laxa Boiss. & Kotschy
Silene lazica Boiss.
Silene legionensis Lag.
Silene leptoclada Boiss.
Silene lerchenfeldiana Baumg.
Silene leucophylla Boiss.
Silene libanotica Boiss.
Silene linearifolia Otth
Silene linearis Decne.
Silene linicola C. C. Gmel.
Silene linoiodes Otth
Silene littorea Brot.
Silene lituanica Zapalł.
Silene longicilia (Brot.) Otth
Silene longipetala Vent.
Silene lucida Chowdhuri
Silene lycaonica Chowdhuri
Silene lychnidea C. A. Mey.
Silene lydia Boiss.
Silene lynesii C. Norman
Silene macrantha (Pančić) H. Neumayer
Silene macrodonta Boiss.
Silene maeotica (Klokov) Czerep.
Silene makmeliana Boiss.
Silene manissadjianii Freyn
Silene marcowiczii Schischk.
Silene marginata (Kit.) Kit.
Silene mariana Pau
Silene marizii Samp.
Silene marmarica Bég. & A. Vacc.
Silene marschallii C. A. Mey.
Silene martyi Emb. & Maire
Silene maurorum Batt. & Pit.
Silene media (Litv.) Kleopow
Silene mekinensis Coss.
Silene mellifera Boiss. & Reut.
Silene melzheimeri Greuter
Silene mentagensis Coss.
Silene mesatlantica Maire
Silene meyeri Fenzl
Silene micropetala Lag.
Silene minae Strobl
Silene mirabilis Rouy & Foucaud
Silene moehringiifolia Pančić
Silene moldavica (Klokov) Sourkova
Silene mollissima (L.) Pers.
Silene montbretiana Boiss.
Silene multicaulis Guss.
Silene multifida (Adams) Rohrb.
Silene multiflora (Ehrh.) Pers.
Silene muradica Schischk.
Silene muscipula L.
Silene neglecta Ten.
Silene nemoralis Waldst. & Kit.
Silene niceensis All.
Silene niederi Boiss.
Silene nivalis (Kit.) Rohrb.
Silene nocteolens Webb & Berthel.
Silene noctiflora L.
Silene nocturna L.
Silene nodulosa Viv.
Silene nuncupanda Coode & Cullen
Silene nutabunda Greuter
Silene nutans L.
Silene obtusifolia Willd.
Silene odontopetala Fenzl
Silene oligantha Boiss. & Heldr.
Silene oligotricha Hub.-Mor.
Silene olympica Boiss.
Silene orbelica Greuter
Silene oreades Boiss. & Heldr.
Silene oreophila Boiss.
Silene oreosinaica Chowdhuri
Silene oropediorum Coss.
Silene orphanidis Boiss.
Silene otites (L.) Wibel
Silene oxyodonta Barbey
Silene paeoniensis Bornm.
Silene palaestina Boiss.
Silene paphlagonica Bornm.
Silene papillosa Boiss.
Silene paradoxa L.
Silene parnassica Boiss. & Spruner
Silene patula Desf.
Silene paucifolia Ledeb.
Silene peduncularis Boiss.
Silene pendula L.
Silene pentelica Boiss.
Silene pharnaceifolia Fenzl
Silene phrygia Boiss.
Silene physalodes Boiss.
Silene physocalyx Ledeb.
Silene pinetorum Boiss. & Heldr.
Silene pomelii Batt.
Silene pompeiopolitana Boiss.
Silene portensis L.
Silene prilepensis Micevski
Silene prilipkoana Schischk.
Silene procumbens Murray
Silene propinqua Schischk.
Silene prostrata Spreng.
Silene psammitis Spreng.
Silene pseudoatocion Desf.
Silene pseudobehen Boiss.
Silene pseudovestita Batt.
Silene pungens Boiss.
Silene pusilla Waldst. & Kit.
Silene pygmaea Adams
Silene quadridentata (L.) Pers.
Silene quadrifida L.
Silene raddeana Trautv.
Silene radicosa Boiss. & Heldr.
Silene ramosissima Desf.
Silene reichenbachii Vis.
Silene reinwardtii Roth
Silene repens Patrin
Silene requienii Otth
Silene reticulata Desf.
Silene retzdorffiana (K. Malý) H. Neumayer
Silene reuteriana Boiss. & C. I. Blanche
Silene reverchonii Batt.
Silene rhiphaena Pau & Font Quer
Silene rhynchocarpa Boiss.
Silene roemeri Friv.
Silene roopiana Kleopow
Silene rosulata Soy.-Will. & Godr.
Silene rothmaleri P. Silva
Silene rouyana Batt.
Silene rubella L.
Silene rupestris L.
Silene ruprechtii Schischk.
Silene ruscifolia (Hub.-Mor. & Reese) Hub.-Mor.
Silene sabinosae Pit.
Silene salamandra Pamp.
Silene salsuginea Hub.-Mor.
Silene saltzmannii Moretti
Silene samia Melzh. & Christod.
Silene samothracica (Rech. f.) Greuter
Silene sangaria Coode & Cullen
Silene sartorii Boiss. & Heldr.
Silene saxatilis Sims
Silene saxifraga L.
Silene scabrida Soy.-Will. & Godr.
Silene scabriflora Brot.
Silene schimperiana Boiss.
Silene schlumbergeri Boiss.
Silene schmuckeri Wettst.
Silene schwarzenbergeri Halácsy
Silene sclerocarpa Dufour
Silene sclerophylla Chowdhuri
Silene scythicina Coode & Cullen
Silene secundiflora Otth
Silene sedoides Poir.
Silene sefidiana (Pau) Greuter & Burdet
Silene sendtneri Boiss.
Silene sennenii Pau
Silene sericea All.
Silene sessionis Batt.
Silene sibirica (L.) Pers.
Silene siderophila Boiss. & Gaill.
Silene sieberi Fenzl
Silene sisianica Boiss. & Buhse
Silene skorpilii Velen.
Silene solenantha Trautv.
Silene sordida Hub.-Mor. & Reese
Silene spinescens Sibth. & Sm.
Silene splendens Boiss.
Silene squamigera Boiss.
Silene stenobotrys Boiss. & Hausskn.
Silene stockenii Chater
Silene striata Rohrb.
Silene stricta L.
Silene subconica Friv.
Silene subintegra (Hayek) Greuter
Silene succulenta Forssk.
Silene suecica (Lodd.) Greuter & Burdet
Silene suffrutescens M. Bieb.
Silene supina M. Bieb.
Silene surculosa Hub.-Mor.
Silene swertiifolia Boiss.
Silene syreistschikowii P. A. Smirn.
Silene sytnikii Krytzka, Novosad & Protop.
Silene taliewii Kleopow
Silene talyschensis Schischk.
Silene tatarica (L.) Pers.
Silene tatianae Schischk.
Silene telavivensis Zohary & Plitmann
Silene thirkeana C. Koch
Silene thymifolia Sm.
Silene tomentosa Otth
Silene tommasinii Vis.
Silene tridentata Desf.
Silene tubicalyx Trinajstić & Zi. Pavletić
Silene tunetana Murb.
Silene tunicoides Boiss.
Silene turbinata Guss.
Silene tyrrhenia Jeanm. & Bocquet
Silene ungeri Fenzl
Silene uniflora Roth
Silene uralensis (Rupr.) Bocquet
Silene urvillei d'Urv.
Silene uscata Brot.
Silene vallesia L.
Silene variegata (Desf.) Boiss. & Heldr.
Silene velebitica (Degen) Wrigley
Silene velutina Loisel.
Silene velutinoides Pomel
Silene veselskyi (Janka) H. Neumayer
Silene vidaliana Pau & Font Quer
Silene villosa Forssk.
Silene virescens Coss.
Silene viridiflora L.
Silene viscaria (L.) Jess.
Silene viscariopsis Bornm.
Silene viscosa (L.) Pers.
Silene vivianii Steud.
Silene volubilitana Braun-Blanq. & Maire
Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke
Silene waldsteinii Griseb.
Silene wallichiana Klotzsch
Silene wolgensis (Hornem.) Otth
Silene zawadzkii Herbich
 
Common names: ציפרנית (Israel (Hebrew)), צִפָּרְנִית (Israel (Hebrew)), Enyvesszegfű (Hungarian), gaisrena (Lithuanian), guntiņa (Latvian), gušavica (Croat), Habszegfű (Hungarian), Hühnerbiß (German), Kakukkszegfű (Hungarian), Klokëza (Albanian), kohoutek (Czech), krūmsargė (Lithuanian), Leimkraut (German), Lepnica (Slovene), Lichtnelke (German), Lučca (Slovene), Lulengjitësja (Albanian), Mécsvirág (Hungarian), melnodzene (Latvian), naktižiedė (Lithuanian), plaukšķene (Latvian), Põisrohi (Estonian), Pugulill (Estonian), pušina (Croat), rumenika (Croat), Silene (Dutch), silenka (Czech), silenka (Slovak), Smolnica (Slovene), smolnička (Czech), Szegfűbogyó (Hungarian), Szurokszegfű (Hungarian), Taubenkopf (German), Tulinelk (Estonian), Σιληνή (Greek), волдырник (Russian), горицвет (Russian), Гоюнгулағы (Azerbaijani), Гуша порумбарулуй (Moldovian), Гушевица (Bulgarian), Дағчичәйи (Azerbaijani), Дейәнәкоту (Azerbaijani), Куркубеу (Moldovian), Липичоасэ (Moldovian), Мүрҝүоту (Azerbaijani), Опаицэ (Moldovian), Опэцел (Moldovian), Отитес (Azerbaijani), Плескаицэ (Moldovian), Плюскавиче (Bulgarian), Свиларка (Bulgarian), сомлевка (Russian), Товлу гулағы (Azerbaijani)[Credits]
Maps: distribution
Occurrence: AE(G) Ag Al Ar Au(A) Az(C F J L M P T) Be Bl(I M N) Br Bu Ca(C G T) dCa(F H L P) Co Cr Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fa Fe Ga(F) Ge Gr Hb(E) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu Ir Is It La Li LS Lt Lu Ma Md(D M P) Mk Mo No Po Rm Sa Sb Sg Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Su Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [Az(G S)]


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