The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity

Euro+Med Plantbase integrates and critically evaluates information from Flora Europaea, Med-Checklist, the Flora of Macaronesia, and from regional and national floras and checklists from the area as well as additional taxonomic and floristic literature. This is complemented by the European taxa of several families taken from the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families and of the Leguminosae from the International Legume Database and Information Service ILDIS (see credits for details). By 1st of February 2018 it provides access to the total European flora of vascular plants in 222 plant families.

Details for: Cajanus cajan

Source: ILDIS World Database of Legumes 2010. (copyright © ILDIS).

Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Rank: Species
Taxonomy (this taxon is included in): Regnum - Plantae
     Divisio - Tracheophyta
          Subdivisio - Spermatophytina
               Class - Magnoliopsida
                    Superordo - Rosanae
                         Ordo - Fabales Bromhead
                              Familia - Fabaceae Lindl.
                                   Tribus - Phaseoleae
                                        Genus - Cajanus DC.
Synonyms: Cajan indorum Medik.
Cajanus bicolor DC.
Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth
Cajanus flavus DC.
Cajanus indicus Spreng.
Cajanus inodorus Medik.
Cajanus luteus Bello
Cajanus obcordifolius V. Singh
Cajanus pseudo-cajan (Jacq.) Schinz & Guillaumin
Cajanus striatus Bojer
Cytisus cajan (L. 1753)
Cytisus guineensis Schum. & Thonn.
Cytisus pseudocajan Jacq.
Cytisus pseudo-cajan Jacq.
Phaseolus balicus L.
Cajanus cajan var. bicolor (DC.) Purseglove
Cajanus cajan var. flavus (DC.) Purseglove
Cajanus indicus var. bicolor (DC.) Kuntze
Cajanus indicus var. flavus (DC.) Kuntze
Cajanus indicus var. maculatus Kuntze
Comments: A major pulse crop in the tropics and subtropics., A prehistoric introduction., Assumed to originate in India., Chinese National Herbarium specimen - Fujian - Pu-qin Zhong 282, Chinese National Herbarium specimen - Guangdong - Zhi Huang 38847, Chinese National Herbarium specimen - Hainan - Nian-xun Chen 4097, Chinese National Herbarium specimen - Sichuan - S.Coll. 20137, Chinese National Herbarium specimen - Yunnan - Shen-e Liu 01819, Cultivated as food plant for the lac insect (shellac)., Frequently confused with the lentil., Important in small-scale farming in many mainly semi-arid regions., In "Flora URSS" & "Flora of Cultivated Plants" this species is treated as C., India contributes over 90% of the crop., indicus, Maps of full world distribution in van der Maesen., Originated in India, now cultivated in all tropical areas., Other centres are in eastern Africa and the Caribbean., Over 11,000 accessions in the Genetic Resources Unit at ICRISAT., Perenial, but cultivated as an annual., Simultaneous use as food, fodder & fuel make it a crop with a bright future., Some information listed under Cajanus bicolor e.g. in Colombia., Three botanical varieties: see var. bicolor; var. cajan and var. flavus., TROPICOS Specimen, Bolivia - 01117805, Useful for intercropping, being hardy and able to ameliorate soils., Widely cultivated throughout the tropics., World production of the order of 2 M tonnes.
Common names: Congo Pea (), Dahl (), Dhal (), Frijol De Arbol (), Frijol Quinchancho (), Gandul (), Gandures (), Golubinyi Gorokh (Russian), Guandu (), Guandul (), Gungo Pea (English), Jinsonge (Portuguese), Kayanus (Russian), Lenteja (), Nicla Indyjska (Polish), Pigeon Pea (English), Pigeon Pea Bush (English), Pigeonpea (English), Pois Cajan (French), Pois Congo (), Pois d’Angole (French), Pois D’Angolie (), Pwa Angole (), Quinchonchillo (), Quinchoncho (), Rahar (), Red Gram (English), Strauchbohne (German), Straucherbse (German), Taubenerbse (German)[Credits]
Conservation Status: Cultigen not known in the wild
Maps: distribution
Occurrence: [Ab(A N) Eg Gg(A D) Tu(A)]
Use: Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Wood

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