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Details for: Cicer arietinum

Source: ILDIS World Database of Legumes 2010. (copyright © ILDIS).

Name: Cicer arietinum L.
Nomencl. ref.: Sp. Pl.: 738. 1753
Rank: Species
Taxonomy (this taxon is included in): Regnum - Plantae
     Divisio - Tracheophyta
          Subdivisio - Spermatophytina
               Class - Magnoliopsida
                    Superordo - Rosanae
                         Ordo - Fabales Bromhead
                              Familia - Fabaceae Lindl.
                                   Tribus - Cicereae
                                        Genus - Cicer L.
Synonyms: Cicer album hort.
Cicer edessanum Bornm.
Cicer grossum Salisb.
Cicer nigrum hort.
Cicer physodes Rchb.
Cicer rotundum Alef.
Cicer sativum Schkuhr
Cicer sintenisii Bornm.
Ononis crotalarioides M. E. Jones
Comments: Alien to Kemerovo Province (old record): near Stalinsk (= Kuznetsk) -, An important pulse crop worldwide., 'Chickpea'(one word, no hyphen)is the preferred vernacular name spelling., ICARDA (Syria) holds Kabuli-type germplasm collections., ICRISAT (India) holds Desi-type germplasm collections., only, Probably native of SE Anatolia, Probably originated in SW Asia but its native area obscured by cultivation., Research aspects monographed in M.C.Saxena & K.B.Singh (eds) 1987., The two main cultivar groups are know as 'Desi' and 'Kabuli' types., Unknown in wild state., Veryugina & Elizarieva, 1932, Widely cultivated in warm areas. In Mongolia under experimental cultivation, World production about 9-10 M hectares., Yields of c 700 kg/ha are rising, but still far below potential.
Common names: barbantzu (Euskera), Bengal Gram (English), Catjang Arab (), Cece (Italian), censó (Majorcan), Chick Pea (English), Chickpea (English), Cicer Tete-de-belier (French), cicero (Portuguese), cidrón (Catalan), Cieciorka (Polish), cigró (Catalan), cigroner (Valencian), cigronera (Catalan), cigrons (Catalan), ciuró (Catalan), ciuró (Majorcan), ciuró (semilla) (Majorcan), ciuronera (Catalan), ciuronera (Majorcan), ciuronèra (Majorcan), ciurons (Catalan), Dhale (), ervanço (Galician), ervanço (Portuguese), garabanzo (Galician), garabanzo (Portuguese), garbancera (Aragonese), garbanso (Aragonese), garbantzu (Euskera), garbanzas (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzera (Aragonese), Garbanzo (), garbanzo (Aragonese), garbanzo (Asturian), garbanzo (semilla) (Aragonese), garbanzo (Spanish, Castillian), Garbanzo Bean (English), garbanzo bermejo (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzo blanco (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzo carneruno (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzo colorado (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzo común (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzo de Salamanca (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzo hortense (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzo negro (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzos (Asturian), garbanzos (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzos cocheros (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzos duros (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzos ocales (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzp (Spanish, Castillian), garbanzu (Asturian), garbanzu (Euskera), garbanzua (Euskera), Garvance (), gilbin (Euskera), Goyun Nokhud (Azerbaijan), grabansa (Spanish, Castillian), grabanzo (Spanish, Castillian), grabanzos (Asturian), Gram (), grâo (Portuguese), Grao De Bica (Portuguese), grâo de bico (Portuguese), grâo de bico assário (Portuguese), grâo de bico molar (Portuguese), grâo-de-bico (Galician), grâo-de-bico (Portuguese), grâo-de-bico-comum (Portuguese), grâos de bico (Portuguese), gravanço (Galician), gravanço (Portuguese), Hummus (), ilhar (Euskera), Kahviherne (Finnish), Katjang Arab (), Kichererbse (German), mairu ilhar (Euskera), Naut (Roumanian), Nekhut (Roumanian), Nut Barani (Russian), Nut Kulturnyi (Russian), Nut Pasyaouny (Belarusian), Nut Rogoobraznyi (Russian), Nut Zvychainyi (Ukraine), Pois Chiche (French), Pois-chiche (French), repollo (Spanish, Castillian), Sejamasis Avinzirnis (Lithuanian), Sier Vochkhari (Armenian), sigroner (Valencian), trompo (Aragonese), Turetzki Gorokh (Russian), txitxirio (Euskera), xixaro (Euskera)[Credits]
Conservation Status: Cultigen not known in the wild
Maps: distribution
Occurrence: dAE(G) dCo Ir Jo Le dSa dSi(S) Sy Tu(A) [Ab(A) Ag Al Ar Bl Bu By Cr Cy Eg Es Ga(F) Gg(A G) Gr Hs(S) It Ju Lt Lu Ma Md Mo Rf(C CS N S) Rm Tn Uk(K)]
Use: Chemical products, Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous

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