The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity

Euro+Med Plantbase integrates and critically evaluates information from Flora Europaea, Med-Checklist, the Flora of Macaronesia, and from regional and national floras and checklists from the area as well as additional taxonomic and floristic literature. This is complemented by the European taxa of several families taken from the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families and of the Leguminosae from the International Legume Database and Information Service ILDIS (see credits for details). By 1st of February 2018 it provides access to the total European flora of vascular plants in 222 plant families.
 








Details for: Arachis hypogaea


Source: ILDIS World Database of Legumes 2010. (copyright © ILDIS).

Name: Arachis hypogaea L.
Nomencl. ref.: Sp. Pl.: 741. 1753
Rank: Species
Status: ACCEPTED
Taxonomy (this taxon is included in): Regnum - Plantae
     Divisio - Tracheophyta
          Subdivisio - Spermatophytina
               Class - Magnoliopsida
                    Superordo - Rosanae
                         Ordo - Fabales Bromhead
                              Familia - Fabaceae Lindl.
                                   Tribus - Aeschynomeneae
                                        Genus - Arachis L.
                                            
Synonyms: Arachis nambyquarae Hoehne
Arachis hypogaea subsp. oleifera A. Chev.
 
Comments: 19.5 M hectares produced 22.7 M tonnes in 1988 (1165kg/ha)., Cultivated as a marginal crop in many developing countries., Five other gene centres in Brazil (3), Bolivia and Peru., Introduced into New Guinea; cultivated widely since WWII., Native of Brazil., Now a major crop in W.Africa, India and USA., Over 13,000 accessions in the groundnut germplasm repository at ICRISAT., Probable area of origin in NW Argentina & S Bolivia., Probably originating in Brazil; widely cultivated in tropical regions., Ssp.fastigiata contains 4 bot.vars:fastigiata,vulgaris,peruviana,aequatoriana., Subsp. hypogaea contains 2 botanical varieties: hypogaea and hirsuta., Widely cultivated in Transcaucasia and Middle Asia
Common names: alcagoitaas (Portuguese), alcagoitas (Portuguese), alcagüete (Spanish, Castillian), alcahueses (Spanish, Castillian), alfóncigo de tierra (Spanish, Castillian), alfónsigo de tierra (Spanish, Castillian), Alune Americane (Russian), Alune Depemynt (Roumanian), Amendoim (Portuguese), Arachide (French), Arachide (Russian), Aracide (Italian), Arakhis Podzemnyi (Russian), avellana americana (Spanish, Castillian), avellana de Valencia (Spanish, Castillian), Cacachuet (Spanish, Castillian), Cacahouete (French), cacahuate (Spanish, Castillian), cacahué (Spanish, Castillian), cacahuesos (Spanish, Castillian), cacahuet (Catalan), cacahuet (Spanish, Castillian), Cacahuete (French), cacahuete (Spanish, Castillian), cacahuete de Méjico (Spanish, Castillian), Cacahuetes (French), cacahuetes (Spanish, Castillian), cacahuey (Spanish, Castillian), cacaue (Catalan), cacauer (Catalan), cacauer (Valencian), cacauera (Valencian), cacauet (Catalan), cacauet (Majorcan), cacauets (Catalan), calcagüete (Aragonese), Earthnut (English), Erdnuss (German), Erfyndygy (Azerbaijan), ervichanas (Portuguese), ervilhenas (Portuguese), ervilhinas (Portuguese), Goober (), gravanço (Galician), gravanço (Portuguese), Ground Nut (English), Groundnut (English), Jordnot (Swedish), kakahuete (Euskera), Kitaiski Boby (Ukraine), Kitaiskie Oreshki (Russian), Maapahkina (Finnish), Mancarra (Portuguese), mandobi (Portuguese), mandobí (Portuguese), mandubí (Portuguese), Mani (), maní (Spanish, Castillian), Mani Largo (), manía (Spanish, Castillian), manobí (Portuguese), mendobi (Portuguese), mendoim (Portuguese), Monkeynut (English), Orzech Ziemny (Polish), Peanut (English), Pindels (), pinotes (Portuguese), Pistach (French), Pistache (French), Pistache de Terre (French), pistacho (Spanish, Castillian), pistacho de tierra (Spanish, Castillian), txitxirio (Euskera), Zemlyani Gorikhy (Ukraine), Zemlyanoi Orekh (Russian)[Credits]
Conservation Status: Cultigen not known in the wild
Maps: distribution
Occurrence: [Ab(A N) By Hs(S) Mo Rf(C CS E S) Tu(A) Uk(K U)]
Use: Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Weed


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