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Details for: Leucaena leucocephala

Source: ILDIS World Database of Legumes 2010. (copyright © ILDIS).

Name: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Rank: Species
Taxonomy (this taxon is included in): Regnum - Plantae
     Divisio - Tracheophyta
          Subdivisio - Spermatophytina
               Class - Magnoliopsida
                    Superordo - Rosanae
                         Ordo - Fabales Bromhead
                              Familia - Fabaceae Lindl.
                                   Tribus - Mimoseae
                                        Genus - Leucaena Benth.
Synonyms: Acacia frondosa Willd.
Acacia glauca (L.) Willd.
Acacia leucocephala (Lam.) Link
Leucaena glauca (Willd.) Benth.
Leucaena glauca Benth.
Leucaena glauca Benth.
Mimosa leucocephala Lam.
Misapplied names: "Mimosa glauca" sec. L. 1763.
Comments: American native., AVH Canberra Specimen, Fiji - 541374, By sight only on Fregate Island, Seychelles., Capable of colonising bare soil., Chinese National Herbarium specimen - Fujian - Xin-xuan Zhong 2541, Chinese National Herbarium specimen - Guangdong - Shiu Ying Hu 634, Chinese National Herbarium specimen - Guangxi - Y.Tsiary 0850, Chinese National Herbarium specimen - Hainan - Zhuo-bing Liu 68, Chinese National Herbarium specimen - Yunnan - C.W.Wang 75519, 'Common'type is shrubby, low-growing, highly-branched, seedy & often weedy., Contains alkoloid mimosine., Cultivated in Thailand., Extensively cultivated., Fodder crop but poisonous to non-ruminants., 'Giant'or 'Salvador'type is arborescent, erect, lightly-branched & less seedy., Has destroyed much of the indigenous vegetation by spreading., Introduced to the Old World and often naturalised and spreading., Mimosine content causes problems to stock if high proportion of feed is this., Much uncertainty over origin of species; see Hughes (1998) for discussion., New South Wales Herbarium specimen, New South Wales - Specimen ID NSW433765, Pantropical in cultivation, Status entries for this species follows Hughes et al., Subsp. glabrata corresponds directly to the 'Giant' or 'Salvador' type., Subsp. leucocephala corresponds directly to the 'Common' type., The species arose as a hybrid of L.pulverulenta and L.lanceolate in Veracruz, Three subspecies:see subsp.leucocephala, subsp.glabrata & subsp.ixtahuacana., TROPICOS Specimen, Ecuador - 01125359, TROPICOS Specimen, Paraguay - 00106524, Two main agronomic types recognised:'Common'type & 'Giant' or 'Salvador'type., Used in soil enrichment and erosion control.
Common names: Acacie (French), Aroma Blanca (), Aroma Boba (), Aroma Mansa (), Barba De Leon (), Bois Bourro (), Bois-lolo (), Cassie (English), Cassie Blanc (), Cowbush (English), Graines De Lin (), Grains de Lin Pays (French), Granadillo Bobo (), Granadino (), Granolino (), Gros-Cassie (French), Guaje (), Hediondilla (), Ipil Ipil (), Jimbay (), Jumbie Bean (English), Jump-and-go (English), Kaset Khok (), Kra Thin (), Lead Tree (English), Leucaena (), Lino (), Lino Criollo (), Macata (), Macata Blanca (), Mimosa (English), Monval (), Panelo (), Petai Belanda (), Petai Jawa (), Petai Tiga Bulan (), Phak Kan Thin (), Phak Nong Bok (), Popinac (), Sato Bao (), Shack-shack (), Tamarin Batard (French), Tamarindillo (), Tantan (), Tchia-tchia Marron (), Tumbarabu (), Uaxim (), White Popinac (), Wild Tamarind (English), Zarcilla ()[Credits]
Conservation Status: Not Threatened
Maps: distribution
Occurrence: Cy [Eg Le Lu Md]
Use: Domestic, Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Toxins, Weed, Wood

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