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Euro+Med Plantbase integrates and critically evaluates information from Flora Europaea, Med-Checklist, the Flora of Macaronesia, and from regional and national floras and checklists from the area as well as additional taxonomic and floristic literature. This is complemented by the European taxa of several families taken from the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families and of the Leguminosae from the International Legume Database and Information Service ILDIS (see credits for details). By 1st of February 2018 it provides access to the total European flora of vascular plants in 222 plant families.

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Details for: Medicago sativa

Source: ILDIS World Database of Legumes 2010. (copyright © ILDIS).

Name: Medicago sativa L.
Nomencl. ref.: Sp. Pl.: 778. 1753
Rank: Species
Taxonomy (this taxon is included in): Regnum - Plantae
     Divisio - Tracheophyta
          Subdivisio - Spermatophytina
               Class - Magnoliopsida
                    Superordo - Rosanae
                         Ordo - Fabales Bromhead
                              Familia - Fabaceae Lindl.
                                   Tribus - Trifolieae
                                        Genus - Medicago L.
Synonyms: Medicago afganica (Bordere) Vassilcz.
Medicago grandiflora (Grossh.) Vassilcz.
Medicago ladak Vassilcz.
Medicago mesopotamica Vassilcz.
Medicago orientalis Vassilcz.
Medicago polia (Brand) Vassilcz.
Medicago praesativa Sinskaya
Medicago sogdiana (Brand) Vassilcz.
Trigonella upendrae H. J. Chowdhery & R. R. Rao
Included taxa: Medicago sativa L. subsp. sativa
Medicago sativa nothosubsp. varia (Martyn) Arcang.
Medicago sativa subsp. microcarpa Urb.
Comments: (1946) at specific rank. It is introduced, alien and naturalised in almost, all regions of N.Eurasia., An aggregate species containing many cultivars described by I.Vassilczenko, Four subspecies: see ssp. ambigua; ssp. microcarpa; ssp. sativa & ssp. varia., Highly productive, energy-efficient plant although not easy to grow well., in almost all Provinces of N. Eurasia, M. sativa is an aggregate species containing many cultivars described by I., Vassilczenko (1946) at specific rank. It is introduced, alien and naturalised, Widely cultivated as a temperate forage crop tolerating drought and salinity.
Common names: afalfe (Spanish, Castillian), afarfa (Spanish, Castillian), alfal (Aragonese), alfal (Catalan), alfal (Spanish, Castillian), alfal (Valencian), alfalç (Catalan), alfalç (Majorcan), alfalce (Aragonese), alfalce (Spanish, Castillian), alfalce bordo (Spanish, Castillian), alfalces (Aragonese), alfalfa (Aragonese), alfalfa (Asturian), Alfalfa (French), alfalfa (Galician), alfalfa (Portuguese), alfalfa (Spanish, Castillian), alfalfa brava (Spanish, Castillian), alfalfa mansa (Spanish, Castillian), Alfalfa Rustica (Spanish, Castillian), alfalfa silvestre (Spanish, Castillian), alfalfe (Aragonese), alfalfe (Spanish, Castillian), alfalfe (Valencian), alfals (Catalan), alfals (Majorcan), alfals (Valencian), alfalz (Aragonese), alfalz (High Aragonese), alfalz (Spanish, Castillian), alfalze (Aragonese), alfalze (High Aragonese), alfance (Aragonese), alfance (Spanish, Castillian), alfange (Spanish, Castillian), alfanse (Aragonese), alfanze (High Aragonese), alfarfa (Spanish, Castillian), alfás (Aragonese), alfàs (Catalan), alfás (Spanish, Castillian), alfàs (Valencian), alfauce (Aragonese), alfauce (Spanish, Castillian), alfauze (High Aragonese), alfaz (Spanish, Castillian), alforfa (Galician), alforfa (Portuguese), alforta (Galician), alholva (Spanish, Castillian), almierca (Aragonese), almierca (High Aragonese), almierca (Spanish, Castillian), alpapa (Euskera), amelca (Aragonese), amelca (Spanish, Castillian), amielca (High Aragonese), amielcas (Aragonese), amielcas (Spanish, Castillian), anfals (Valencian), anfaus (Catalan), anfaus (Majorcan), arfarfa (Spanish, Castillian), argi-belar (Euskera), argibelarr (Euskera), argi-belarra (Euskera), arguibelarra (Euskera), arquibelarra (Euskera), Arvuit Tzanovi (Armenian), aufals (Catalan), aufals (Majorcan), aufals (Valencian), aufaus (Catalan), aufaus (Majorcan), betaraki (Euskera), betarakia (Euskera), betarokia (Euskera), Blalusern (Swedish), Blaue Luzerne (German), carretón (Spanish, Castillian), carretón borde (Spanish, Castillian), Chveulebrivi Iondzha (Georgian), cruximelga (Catalan), Ekin Garayoncha (Azerbaijan), Erba Medica (Italian), ervaye (Spanish, Castillian), falfa (Spanish, Castillian), fals (Valencian), farfa (Spanish, Castillian), feno-de-borgonha (Portuguese), Harilik Lutsern (Estonian), herba (Valencian), herba alfals (Catalan), herba alfals (Valencian), herba d’alfals (Valencian), herba fals (Catalan), herba fals (Valencian), huserda (Catalan), idarrbeltz (Euskera), illarbelcha (Euskera), Lucerna (Roumanian), Lucerna Siewna (Polish), Lucerne (French), Lucherne Albastre (Roumanian), luzerna (Euskera), luzerna (Galician), luzerna (Portuguese), luzerna-de-sequeiro (Portuguese), Luzerne (German), Luzerne Cultivee (French), Lyutzerna Pasyaounaya (Belarusian), Lyutzerna Posevnaya (Russian), Lyutzerna Posivna (Ukraine), Lyutzerna Sinyaya (Russian), medicagem dos pastos (Portuguese), melca (Catalan), melga (Catalan), melga (Galician), melga (Portuguese), melga (Spanish, Castillian), melga (Valencian), melga dos prados (Portuguese), melga-dos-prados (Portuguese), melgó (Catalan), mèliga (Catalan), Melynziede Liucerna (Lithuanian), merga (Spanish, Castillian), miajera (Spanish, Castillian), mielca (Aragonese), mielca (High Aragonese), mielca (Spanish, Castillian), mielcas (Aragonese), mielcón (Aragonese), mielcón (High Aragonese), mielcón (Spanish, Castillian), mielga (Aragonese), mielga (High Aragonese), mielga (Spanish, Castillian), mielgas (Spanish, Castillian), mierga (Spanish, Castillian), miergas (Spanish, Castillian), mierpes (Spanish, Castillian), Myadunka (Belarusian), nielga (Spanish, Castillian), parantze-bedarr (Euskera), parantze-belarr (Euskera), parrastu (Euskera), porrastu (Euskera), prantzes bedarr (Euskera), prantzes belarr (Euskera), prantzes-belarra (Euskera), probayernos (Spanish, Castillian), raseló (Catalan), Saatluzerne (German), Sejas Lucerna (Latvian), Sinimailanen (Finnish), trebo caracol (Galician), trebo caracol (Portuguese), trébol de España (Spanish, Castillian), trebolillo (Spanish, Castillian), trevo caracol (Galician), trevo caracol (Portuguese), ufals (Catalan), usarda (Catalan), userda (Catalan), userdas (Catalan), zarza (Spanish, Castillian)[Credits]
Conservation Status: Not Threatened
Maps: distribution
Occurrence: Ab(A N) dAE(G) Ar Au(L) Be(B L) Br dBu dCy dGa(F) Gg(A D G) He Hs(S) It dLu Rf(C CS E S) Sy Tu(A) [Ab(A N) AE(G) Ag Al Ar Au(A L) Be(B L) Bl Br Bu By Ca Co Cr Cz Da Eg Es Fe Ga(F) Ge Gg(A D G) Gr Hb(E) He Ho Hs(S) Hu Ir It Jo Ju La Le Lt Lu Ma Mo No Po Rf(C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sa Si(S) Sn Su Sy Tn Tu(E) Uk(K U)]
Use: Chemical products, Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Weed

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